Last updated January, 2018.
note: we link to our free guide to mindfulness and meditation at the bottom of the page (no email required).
"My goal for meditating is to overcome my anxiety. Is this reasonable?"
First, you might examine the language that describes your goal. Instead of "overcoming anxiety," consider changing it to "deal with anxiety more skillfully."
This is important because if you believe you'll completely overcome something (i.e., get rid of your anxiety), you'll be frustrated if anxious thoughts and emotions come back. You will most likely judge yourself for not being successful ("I'm a failure!"), and will probably lack the motivation to continue your meditation practice.
Second, what does the word "goal" mean to you? Are you rejecting your present circumstances, driving towards a future vision of yourself, and pinning your happiness on whether or not you achieve that vision?
If you're wishing your circumstances are different than they are, this will likely give rise to more anxiety and make your condition worse. Instead, accept things as they are. As an old teacher was fond of saying,
"It is what it is."
The present moment is the product of causes and conditions that brought it into being, and no amount of lamentation or mental drama will change it. What you can do - right here and now - is make mindful decisions and take skillful actions to influence the causes and conditions that will give rise to the next present moment.
Begin by strengthening awareness of what's happening in your mind. See what your anxiety is composed of - is there doubt? Fear? Worry? What are the physical sensations - rapid breathing? A racing heart? Tension in your neck and back?
Notice what's there, but don't try to fight it - simply let it be as it is. And then, move your attention away from it. This may be uncomfortable at first - we tend to feel we are "giving in" if we aren't fighting. But, that's not the case.
Those thoughts and emotions are there whether you fight them or not. If you do fight them, you are indulging them: you are giving them fuel. This fuel turns the wheel of your suffering, giving rise to more thoughts and emotions. They become persistent and pervasive, and - before you know it - you're being dragged into a "pit of despair."
When you let everything be as it is, however, you will discover it's not the problem your mind made it out to be. The thoughts and emotions are part of an unfolding process, not an isolated event that looms before you, threatening your well-being. The thoughts and emotions are contingent and temporary: they come (arise), they exist, and they cease (pass), provided you don't allow your attention to get caught up in them. Provided you don't indulge them and give them fuel.
How do you do this?
When you meditate, focus your attention on an anchor (usually your breath or a mantra). When those thoughts and emotions arise and you notice your attention is caught up in them, simply guide it back to your anchor.
Do it over and over, because you are developing the skill of observing what arises and passes without getting caught up in it. And, as you develop this skill, you can begin transferring it to your "non-meditating" time.
When you aren't meditating - when you are going about your daily activities - focus your attention on the present moment and task at hand. When those thoughts and emotions arise and you notice your attention is caught up in them, simply guide it back to the present moment and task at hand.
This is how meditation and mindfulness* work. You aren't "overcoming" anything, you're changing your relationship with it. You are training your attention to no longer be held hostage by your compulsive mind and its non-stop activity.
What are you trying to "cope" with? Stress? Anxiety? Sleep problems? Coping doesn't work - addressing the root cause does. We'll show you how.